FPGAs in Large-Scale Computer Systems

A Greater Boston RIG project

As modern data center workloads become increasingly complex, constrained and critical, mainstream “CPU-centric” computing can no longer keep pace. Future data centers are moving towards a more fluid model, with computation and communication no longer localized to commodity CPUs and routers. Next generation “data-centric” data centers will “compute everywhere,” whether data is stationary (in memory) or on the move (in network). Reconfigurable hardware, in the form of Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), are transforming ordinary clouds into massive supercomputers. This project highlights many ways to deploy FPGAs in a data center node, such as traditional back-end accelerators, tightly coupled off-load processors, Smart NICs, Bump-in-the-Wire, and even in the router itself. 

Research Project Directory

These major projects involve PhD students, professors, and Red Hat engineers. To work with Red Hat Research on a major project of your own, email us. To suggest a smaller scale project, submit your request here.


Side-channel attacks on embedded devices and smartcardsThis project focuses on several aspects of side-channel attacks on embedded devices and smartcards, utilizing …brnomasaryk-university
Big Data Stack EU Project: An European Open Source InitiativeThe Big Data Stack EU research project aims at providing a complete infrastructure management system, which bases the management and deployment decisions on data from current and past application and infrastructure deployments. It focuses on:tel-aviv
Mining issued Common Criteria and FIPS140-2 certificatesThe security certification reports might be long but is also a trove of publicly available …brnomasaryk-university
Kubernetes Optimized Service Discovery Across ClustersThe Submariner project provides an ability to connect multiple Kubernetes clusters into a secure shared network which allows various services to communicate with each other.tel-avividc-herzliya
Smart CommuteBecause an individual’s driving style has an impact of ~25/30% on the CO2 emissions and …
Domestic Violence TrackerAn issue with COVID-19 is the lack of financial ability to escape domestic violence. This …
OpenVolunteerPlatformThe OpenVolunteerPlatform provides community support by improving food security and access to resources amongst vulnerable …
Building the next generation of programmable networking – powered by LinuxThe project seeks to explore areas related to programmable networking, with a particular focus on the eXpress Data Path (XDP) technology in the Linux kernel.karlstad-university
Verifying constant-time cryptographic algorithm implementationsThe aim of this project is to verify the timing side-channel resistance of cryptographic implementations. The project focuses on the constant time (and constant memory access) generic cryptographic implementations of selected cryptographic algorithms. Tbrnomasaryk-university
Trusted Computing EcosystemThe project aims to study the TPM ecosystem as currently exists in deployed devices and software applications using it, establish the types of chips and their properties one can encounter, investigate the state of patching of known vulnerabilities like ROCA against Infineon’s TPM (CVE-2017-15361) or TPMFail against Intel’s fTPM (CVE-2019-11090) …brnomasaryk-university
Improving Full Disk EncryptionThe primary focus of this project is also data integrity protection, either in combination with encryption (authentication encryption) or standalone using dm-integrity and dm-verity kernel driver.brnomasaryk-university
Accelerating Microarchitectural Security ResearchWe are working on processes and tooling to lower the barrier to entry into the field and accelerate attack research and mitigation across academia and industry.brnotu-graz
Authentication in public open-source repositoriesThis project focuses on user authentication in public repositories containing open-source projects, which are then used by commercial companies (e.g. Red Hat) as a source for their internally maintained repositories.brnomasaryk-university
LART – LLVM Abstraction and Refinement ToolThe goal of this tool is to provide LLVM-to-LLVM transformations that implement various program abstractions.brnomasaryk-university
Adaptive Learning of ProgrammingThe mission of Adaptive Learning of Programming is to make learning more efficient and engaging by personalizing educational systems using artificial intelligence techniques.brnomasaryk-university
Workflow-Centric Tracing for Cloud ApplicationsWorkflow-centric tracing allows traces (i.e., graphs) of requests’ workflows to be constructed by stitching together trace points with the same request context. Three collaboratory projects focus on improving the observability and diagnosability of Red Hat products using this technique., greater-bostonboston-university northeastern-university
Hybrid Cloud CachingA fundamental goal of the Hybrid Cloud Cache project is to allow simplified integration into existing data lakes, to enable caching to be transparently introduced into hybrid cloud computation, to support efficient caching of objects widely shared across clusters deployed by different organizations, and to avoid the complexity of managing …, greater-bostonboston-university northeastern-university
Volume Storage Over Object StorageThis project creates a hybrid storage system composed of a high-speed local device (e.g. Optane) to store short term data, along with a write-once object store (e.g, Ceph RGW) to store data blocks permanently., greater-bostonboston-university northeastern-university
Kariz Cache Prefetching and ManagementKariz is a caching system that works closely with analytic frameworks scheduler to find the best caching policy for the current running application., greater-bostonboston-university northeastern-university
PACT: Private Automated Contact Tracinggreater-bostonboston-university
OpenInfra LabsOpenInfra Labs is an OpenStack Foundation project connecting open source projects to production to advance …, , boston-university northeastern-university umass-amherst
Elastic Secure InfrastructureThis project encompasses work in several areas to design, build and evaluate secure bare-metal elastic infrastructure for data centers.greater-bostonboston-university
Open Cloud TestbedThe Open Cloud Testbed project will build and support a testbed for research and experimentation into new cloud platforms – the underlying software which provides cloud services to applications. Testbeds such as OCT are critical for enabling research into new cloud technologies – research that requires experiments which potentially change …, , greater-bostonboston-university northeastern-university umass-amherst
Ceph StorageThis research project is investigating how Ceph compression and erasure coded pools could optimize Prometheus tsdb storage.greater-bostonumass-lowell
Implementing Secure Multi-Party ComputingSecure Multiparty Computation (MPC) is a cryptographic primitive that allows several parties to jointly and privately compute desired functions over secret data. Building and deploying practical MPC applications faces several obstacles, including performance overhead, complicated deployment and setup procedures, and adoption of MPC protocols into modern software stacks. MPC applications …greater-bostonboston-university
Outfitting QEMU/KVM with Partitioning Hypervisor FunctionalityThis project extends the virtualization capabilities of QEMU and KVM by adding partitioning hypervisor functionality. With this implementation, hardware resources can be exclusively assigned to specific tasks and VMs. Current work supports KVM Isolation IOCTLs to query CPUs to find isolated CPUs.greater-bostonboston-university
An Optimizing Operating System: Accelerating Execution With SpeculationTo optimize performance, Automatically Scalable Computation (ASC), a Harvard/BU collaboration attempts to auto-parallelize single threaded workloads, reducing any new effort required from programmers to achieve wall clock speedup. SEUSS takes a different approach by splicing a custom operating system into the backend of a high throughput distributed serverless platform, Apache …greater-bostonboston-university
Open CEP – An Advanced Open Source Complex Event Processing EngineThe aim of this project is to create a scalable open-source complex event processing (CEP) framework.tel-avivtechnion
Predictive Analysis – Fault ToleranceThe goal of this project is to build a system that shall utilize Predictive Analysis technology to create a state-of-the-art fault-tolerance system that can lead towards the ability to “predict” based upon past events if and when faults such as component failures may occur., greater-boston tel-aviv
Electroencephalography (EEG) Feature ExtractionThe research is meant to enable improvement of the management of patients with ESES. Electrical status epilepticus during slow wave sleep (ESES) is a rare age related disorder, appears in childhood, usually between ages 4 and 9 years, and disappears by puberty.tel-avivtel-aviv-university
Ceph: Wire-Level Compression-Efficient Object Storage Daemon Communication for the CloudThe project’s purpose is to reduce storage network traffic (object, block, etc.) for the following cases: between the failure domains in cost-sensitive environments such as public clouds, and between nodes in cases where the network bandwidth is the bottleneck of the node performance.tel-avividc-herzliya
Innovation Scorecard: Controlling framework for innovation projects in ITInnovation Scorecard is a conceptual performance measurement and management control framework specifically designed for work activities that relate to innovation. Its origin lies in the outcomes of a primary research project that was supported by the Czech Scientific Foundation during 2013-2015. This project’s objective was to ascertain whether organizations in …brnobrno-university-of-technology
Kernel Techniques to Optimize Memory Bandwidth with Predictable LatencyRecent processors have started introducing the first mechanism to monitor and control memory bandwidth. Can we use these mechanisms to enable machines to be fully used while ensuring that primary workloads have deterministic performance? This project presents early results from using Intel’s Resource Director Technology and some insight into this …greater-bostonboston-university
Unikernel LinuxThis project aims to turn the Linux kernel into a unikernel with the following characteristics: 1) are easily compiled for any application, 2) use battle-tested, production Linux and glibc code, 3) allow the entire upstream Linux developer community to maintain and develop the code, and 4) provide applications normally running …greater-bostonboston-university
Code2Vec: Learning code representationsThis project analyzed semantic similarities of learned code embeddings parsed from open source python libraries such as numpy, pandas and sklearn. Still in progress is another analysis that learns code embeddings in a supervised manner with the C++ codebase for performance measurement of program execution in CPU with performance counters …greater-bostonboston-university
Perun: Lightweight Performance Version SystemPerun is an open source light-weight Performance Version System, which works as a wrapper over existing Version Control Systems and in parallel manages performance profiles corresponding to different versions of projects. Moreover, it offers a tool suite suitable for automation of the performance regression test runs, postprocessing of existing profiles …brnobrno-university-of-technology
DiffKemp: Automatic analysis of semantic differences in kernel optionsThe project aims at creating a tool for automatic analysis of differences in the code between versions of the Linux kernel. The goal is to determine whether the semantics (the effect) of some kernel option, function, or parameter, changed between two kernel versionsbrnobrno-university-of-technology
SymbioticSymbiotic is an open-source framework for program analysis integrating instrumentation, static program slicing and various program analysis tools.brnomasaryk-university
Vega ProjectThe Vega Project team at Red Hat came up with an idea to harness the power of Kubernetes to provide the next-generation open-source tool for high-performance computing. The project is way past the design phase, and the team is already working on the proof-of-concept implementation using Red Hat OpenShift Container …brnomasaryk-university
Quality Assurance System for Internet of Things TechnologyThe main goal is to design, implement and verify a framework for quality assurance of products based on the Internet of Things concept. The aim of the framework is to help individual IoT projects to establish an efficient testing and verification strategy of the infrastructure. The proposed framework is based …brnoczech-technical-university
AUFOVER – The Automation of Formal VerificationThe goal of the Automation of Formal Verification (AUFOVER) project is to develop automated formal verification tools and integrate them for industrial use. The tools to be developed or improved within the projects are Verification Server, Verification Server Client Application, csmock plug-ins, DIVINE, Symbiotic and Testos. The purpose of the …, brnobrno-university-of-technology masaryk-university
Usable Security for DevelopersThis project focuses on the cryptographic APIs with respect to their developer usability. Such APIs are notoriously complex and prone to usage errors – our goal is to analyze their (in)correct usage and propose precautions and guidelines to achieve better usability and security.brnomasaryk-university
Fuzzing Device Emulation in QEMUHypervisors—the software that allows a computer to simulate multiple virtual computers—form the backbone of cloud computing. Because they are both ubiquitous and essential, they are security-critical applications that make attractive targets for potential attackers.greater-bostonboston-university
D3N: A Multi-Layer Cache for Data CentersThis project designs and develops D3N, a novel multi-layer cooperative caching architecture that mitigates network imbalances by caching data on the access side of each layer of hierarchical network topology. A prototype implementation, which incorporates a two-layer cache, is highly-performant (can read cached data at 5GB/s, the maximum speed of …, greater-bostonboston-university northeastern-university
FPGAs in Large-Scale Computer SystemsWe will highlight many ways to deploy FPGAs in a data center node, such as traditional back-end accelerators, tightly coupled off-load processors, Smart NICs, Bump-in-the-Wire, MPC accelerators and even FPGAs in the router itself. We will also discuss our efforts to make these devices accessible globally accessible, through deeper integration …greater-bostonboston-university
Automatic Configuration of Complex HardwareIn this project, we pursue three goals towards this understanding: 1) identify, via a set of microbenchmarks, application characteristics that will illuminate mappings between hardware register values and their corresponding microbenchmark performance impact, 2) use these mappings to frame NIC configuration as a set of learning problems such that an …greater-bostonboston-university
Quest-V, a Partitioning Hypervisor for Latency-Sensitive WorkloadsQuest-V is a separation kernel that partitions services of different criticality levels across separate virtual machines, or sandboxes. Each sandbox encapsulates a subset of machine physical resources that it manages without requiring intervention from a hypervisor. In Quest-V, a hypervisor is only needed to bootstrap the system, recover from certain …greater-bostonboston-university
Avocado ProjectThe goal of the Avocado project, as a generic test automation framework, is to provide a solid foundation for software projects to build their testing needs on. With Avocado, common testing problems are solved at the framework level, and developers can spend more of their time writing tests that, by …, brnoczech-technical-university karlstad-university
Performance Management for Serverless ComputingServerless computing provides developers the freedom to build and deploy applications without worrying about infrastructure. …greater-bostonboston-university